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    February 2015

    Preventing Relationship Violence and Stalking

    The Campus Sexual Violence Elimination (Campus SaVE) Act requires higher education institutions to implement education and prevention programs to address dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking. Studies indicate that relationship violence, which includes domestic and dating violence, is a concern for college-age populations. Nearly a quarter of college rape or sexual assaults against females are perpetrated by an intimate partner, and many stalking victims are under age 25, according to federal studies.

    However, because relationship violence and stalking often occur behind the scenes, administrators might not be aware of their prevalence. UE recommends administrators review annual security reporting and training programs for Campus SaVE Act compliance.

    Reporting Crimes

    The Campus SaVE Act adds domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking to the list of crimes that the Clery Act requires institutions to include in their annual security report. Use these definitions—which also cover gay, lesbian, and transgender students’ relationships—when determining what to report under Clery (see The Campus SaVE Act: A Compliance Guide for full definitions):

    • Domestic violence refers to felony or misdemeanor crimes perpetrated by a current or former spouse of the victim.
    • Dating violence describes violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim.
    • Stalking is engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear for his or her safety or the safety of others, or suffer substantial emotional distress.

    Training and Prevention

    Increasing awareness of relationship violence and stalking through campus training can help students get proper assistance and prevent future occurrence.

    The Campus SaVE Act requires institutions to train new students and employees on the warning signs of abusive behavior and how to prevent and report relationship violence and stalking. Training must include a statement of prohibition, the jurisdiction’s definitions, safe and positive options for bystanders who witness such acts, and information about risk reduction. Your institution must also conduct ongoing prevention and awareness campaigns for current students and faculty. UE’s Campus Save Act Learning Program can help your institution take steps toward meeting the Campus SaVE compliance requirements. The learning program includes online courses for students, employees, and administrators.

    Consider additional awareness strategies such as:

    • Creating partnerships with local and national organizations for victims of relationship violence or stalking.
    • Displaying easily accessible information about campus services, local and national hotlines, and enforcement of criminal laws and conduct codes on the school website. For example:
      • National Domestic Violence Hotline - 1-800-799-7233 (Domestic Violence, Stalking)
      • Loveisrespect.org – 1-866-331-9474 (Relationship Violence, Stalking)
      • National Teen Dating Abuse Helpline – 1-866-331-9474 (Dating Violence, Stalking)

    To learn more about reporting and investigating relationship violence and stalking, review EduRisk’s The Campus SaVE Act: A Compliance Guide. For additional information on training, see Title IX and Beyond: Federal Training Requirements for Students and Title IX and Beyond: Federal Training Requirements for Employees.

    Resources

    Stalking Resource Center
    U.S. Department of Justice Special Report: Rape and Sexual Assault Victimization Among College-Age Females, 1995-2013
    CDC National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, 2010

    CDC Intimate Partner Violence Resources

    By Melanie Bennett, JD, assistant risk analyst

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