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    November 2019

    Student Gambling Policies

    According to the National Center for Responsible Gaming, about 75% of college students gambled in the past year. Whether on or off campus, legally or illegally, in person or online, students are betting on sports and playing the lottery and other gambling games. According to one study, 6% of U.S. college students have a serious gambling problem that could result in psychological difficulties, unmanageable debt, and failing grades. Moreover, research shows that students who gamble are more susceptible to developing “disordered” gambling habits than the general adult population and show an increase in related problematic behaviors such as substance abuse.

    Given the potential negative effects of student gambling and the wide legalization of sports betting, higher education institutions may wish to address gambling in the student code of conduct and organize educational and assistance programs to prevent and help treat problem behavior. The decision on whether to institute a gambling policy — addressing gambling in general or sports wagering in particular — may depend on local and state laws, the educational mission, and expectations for student conduct.

    Consider the following:


    Laws

    The legality of gambling activities — such as online betting, lotteries, sports contests, horse racing, and slots — and the minimum age for participation vary by state. Higher education institutions may list gambling among illegal behaviors, including unlawful alcohol or drug use, that are subject a student to disciplinary sanctions.


    Educational Mission

    In addition to gambling, institutions may want to restrict activities that conflict with their educational mission, such as poker and other card games involving money, at any sponsored function that is supported by operating funds or student activity fees. Some institutions may prohibit gambling in residence halls, other university-owned housing, or elsewhere on campus. Recently, some institutions have restricted their community members — faculty, staff, and students — from betting on the institution’s sports teams.

    Gambling events such as “Casino Nights” that are hosted by student groups can undermine messages about the dangers of gambling. Whether your institution decides to prohibit student gambling entirely or permit it with restrictions, establish a policy that addresses applicable laws, support for recovery, and guidelines for special events.


    Student Conduct

    As with any student conduct issue, an institution only should adopt policies it can enforce. This means acting upon tips or knowledge of such activities, making appropriate referrals to law enforcement, and imposing disciplinary sanctions as warranted.

    In 2008, the National Center for Responsible Gaming and the Division on Addiction at the Cambridge Health Alliance, a teaching affiliate of Harvard Medical School, established the Task Force on College Gambling Policies. The task force created policy recommendations to assist schools and colleges in reducing gambling among students, including:

    • Explain prohibitions and restrictions. Publish gambling policies in the student code of conduct and raise awareness of laws prompting campus prohibitions and restrictions. Rules may include age restrictions, regulations for charitable gaming, and prohibitions on sports betting, including pools and bookmaking operations.
    • Provide oversight. Establish a campus-wide committee to develop and monitor the policy. The committee may include faculty or staff involved in student behavioral concerns, including student affairs, campus police, and student health and counseling services as well as athletics, university relations, and academic department personnel. Include legal counsel in the policy review process and consult with local or state police departments.
    • Recognize and facilitate recovery. Treat addictive behavior such as gambling through education and prevention rather than punishment. Consider making accommodations in judicial proceedings for students who voluntarily seek help. Additional accommodations for students in recovery may include medical leaves of absence, schedule changes to facilitate off-campus treatment, and withdrawal due to extenuating circumstances.

    Determine whether the institution’s health or counseling center can provide information and assistance to students with gambling problems. For off-campus treatment options, consult your state’s department of mental health and state affiliates of the American Academy of Health Care Providers in the Addictive Disorders.


    Resources

    Laws
    Gambling and the Law

    Responsible Gambling
    National Center for Responsible Gaming
    National Center for Responsible Gambling – College Gambling

    Student Gambling
    National Association of School Psychologists
    Colorado Department of Education

    Higher Education Policies
    Saint Martin’s University
    National Collegiate Athletic Association
    University of Rochester
    Arizona State University

    Sports Wagering Policies
    Villanova University
    St. Joseph’s University
    Purdue University


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